Estimates vary on the death toll. The official immediate death toll was 2,259. The government of Madhya Pradesh confirmed a total of 3,787 deaths related to the gas release. A government affidavit in 2006 stated that the leak caused 558,125 injuries, including 38,478 temporary partial injuries and approximately 3,900 severely and permanently disabling injuries. Others estimate that 8,000 died within two weeks, and another 8,000 or more have since died from gas-related diseases.
The cause of the disaster remains under debate. The Indian government and local activists argue that slack management and deferred maintenance created a situation where routine pipe maintenance caused a backflow of water into a MIC tank triggering the disaster. Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) contends water entered the tank through an act of sabotage.
Bhopal (/boʊˈpɑːl/; Hindustani pronunciation:[bʱoːpaːl]) is the capital of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of Bhopal district and Bhopal division. The city was the capital of the former Bhopal State. Bhopal is known as the City of Lakes for its various natural as well as artificial lakes and is also one of the greenest cities in India. It is the 17th largest city in the country and 131st in the world. It is located 190km east of the financial capital and the largest city of the state, Indore.
The city attracted international attention in December 1984 after the Bhopal disaster, when a Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide manufacturing plant (now owned by Dow Chemical Company) leaked a mixture of deadly gases composed mainly of methyl isocyanate, leading to one of the worst industrial disasters in the world's history. The Bhopal disaster continues to be a part of the socio-political debate and a logistical challenge for the people of Bhopal.
The seat has been held by the BJP since 1989. S. D. Sharma was the MP at the time of the infamous Bhopal disaster of December 1984.
Presently, since the delimitation of the parliamentary and legislative assembly constituencies in 2008, Bhopal Lok Sabha constituency comprises the following eight Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) segments:
It premiered in 2001 produced by Teesri Duniya and directed by Jack Langedijk. It used a non-realistic, live music, minimalist set and a chorus.
It was translated into Hindi as Zahreeli Hawa in 2003 by translator/director Habib Tanvir.
It was produced by Cahoots Theatre Projects in 2003 at the Theatre Centre in Toronto, directed by Guillermo Verdecchia. The set consisted of a wall of dirty rags and sand on the floor.
It was translated into French in 2005 by translator Paul Lefebvre and performed at Theatre Periscope in Quebec City and in Montreal at the Espace Libre. Directed by Philippe Soldevilla. Eight actors performed all the rolls with doubling and with added dance. The set was made up of wooden blocks moved into different configurations.